Are Single Tax Teachings Emasculated?
[Reprinted from The Single Tax Review, 1921,
It seems to us that
the following is an admirable expression of a point of view, in
which, though there are statements from which we would dissent,
we find much to commend. But at all events, it is certain to be
read with interest, and expressions of opinion from readers of
the Review are invited. - Editor, Single Tax Review
In the Sunday schools last week, throughout the Christian world, was
told the story of the angels who appeared to the shepherds in the
fields of Bethlehem proclaiming the advent of Christ, with the glad
tidings of "peace on earth and good will to man."
Why is it then that today almost all of the powerful Christian
nations of the world are engaged in bloody strife? That pious, but
rival. Emperors, [priests] and peoples are daily praying to God to
bless their armies and help them to slaughter those children of God
who are on the other side of their political boundaries?
Is it not that Christians no longer follow the teachings of Christ to
bade them work for the Kingdom of God on earth? "Thy Kingdom
come, thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven." Is it not
because they no longer preach the doctrine of the common fatherhood of
God and brotherhood of man? Is it not because the effective force of
the doctrine which looked toward reform on earth has been superseded
by an attenuated spiritual doctrine which rewards suffering here below
with an usurious reward on the other side of the grave?
Many writers have pointed out that the teachings of Christ were
disturbing to the rulers and culture of His time, as indeed they are
to the present, and to St. Paul is generally ascribed this shifting of
the reward from this world to the next. Certainly it is due to his
writings and advice, "Be ye all things to all men," that
Christianity became respectable.
Shorn of its virility, impotent to harm privileged interests, loaded
down with platitudinous precepts, robbed of its message of hope and
happiness for mankind, - nearly all the civilized world now calling
itself Christian - man is systematically exploited by man and nations
engage in wholesale murder. This is emasculated Christianity!
In 1878 appeared a book destined to have a powerful influence on the
future welfare of mankind; little at first when the small edition of "Progress
and Poverty" was published and read by the professors of
political economy; greater when Mr. George went to Ireland and was put
in jail for preaching the truth in favor of the expropriated crofters;
still greater when in an independent political campaign he polled
68,000 votes as a candidate for mayor in the city of New York.
We have all read this marvelous book, which combines crystal logic
with word color and tone to such a degree that a critic was led to
characterize the author as an inspired seer. This book has colored our
lives; to it we proudly refer as to the source of our hope for the
moral, as well as the material advancement of mankind; to many of us
it is the bible of our only religion - humanity.
Now what was the message of Henry George to mankind?
After an exhaustive and close analysis of the causes of poverty and
misery covering some three hundred pages, in book VI. of "Progress
and Poverty" he brings forth his remedy.
"We must make land common property."
There then is the dictum of our prophet. Do we follow it? Are Single
Taxers known as abolitionists of property in land? Does the democratic
party reward confessed abolitionists of private property in land with
appointments and nominations; does it send them to congress? The
question may be begged by saying real estate men know it. To which I
may rejoin, are we seeking to convert real estate operators while
letting the people remain in ignorance of our cause? The truth is
Single Taxers are not preaching the abolition of private property in
land, so let us examine the book further.
Mr. George goes on to say, "it is not necessary to confiscate
land, it is necessary only to confiscate rent." "We may
safely leave the landlords the shell if we take the kernel." Are
we known as confiscators of rent? Again we may answer yes, by the real
estate men, for it is their business to know and guard against us. But
do the people know?
Turn to the book again. Mr. George sa3rs, "As we take already
part of rent in taxation, all we have to do is to take the balance."
At last we have got down to a tax. From the remedy we have come to
the method. Now I have no fault to find with the method; what I want
to do is to show that Mr. George in converting us, first pointed out a
remedy for poverty and then a method of applying it, and that we
persist in trying to convert the people by preaching the method only,
keeping silent about the remedy itself. Without playing on words I
want to say we have become methodists and have ceased to be
abolitionists, to the great detriment of our cause.
Why have we elevated a tax as our slogan in place of the inspiring
cry of "the land for the people?" I think it was because we
developed a modem St. Paul in our movement, a man who like St. Paul
saw the light through the medium of his position and training in
society. In 1887 Mr. Thomas G. Shearman, a prominent lawyer and
millionaire, then traveling in Switzerland, sent The Standard,
published by Henry George, an article pointing out that a tax on the
value of land would be sufficient for all governmental expenses and
that other taxes would be unnecessary. The acting editor of the
Standard, probably with the best motives in the world, capped this
article "The Single Tax."
From this article we derive our name, and from the teachings of
Thomas G. Shearman, limited Single Taxer and free trader, as put forth
in his book "Natural Taxation," we have become fiscal
reformers and respectable, while still honoring Henry George as our
The consequence of this change has been enormous. To it is due
undoubtedly Mr. George's error of judgment, when, against the advice
of Dr. McGlynn, he dropped the battle cry of "free land and free
men" and led us away from the local field where the land issue
should be fought, and entered the federal field as allies of the
democratic party on the tariff issue. In doing this we antagonize all
believers in protection, who were then, and still are, a majority in
the nation. Also we antagonized all the temperance men and
prohibitionists, who were for a tax on liquor. Then, as now, in our
stupidity, we said, and still say, "Oh, he is not a Single Taxer,
he believes in a tax on imports or liquors, etc." Of course he is
not a Single Taxer, if we worship the words Single and Tax, but if you
come to hate both words and understand that our object is to
confiscate rent to the uses of the people, you will have no reason to
say that any one believing in doing that is not with us, no matter how
many other taxes he believes in.
Shall we persist in this stupidity? Shall we continue, conceited in
our logic, boastful of our superior intelligence to insult our
neighbors and then wonder why we do not make more progress? Must we
always insist that a man shall cure himself of all economic fallacies
before we will allow him to help us make land common property?
Is it not common sense on the other hand for us to say to the
protectionist and the temperance man, your issues are national ones.
We have an issue here in the State which we believe will cure poverty.
We assert that land is of right common property and we want your help
in making it so, and we care not how you vote for president and
congress in the meantime, for cannot we do the same? After a man once
sees the injustice of private property in land his eyes are opened and
he soon drops his belief in a protective tariff; but a temperance man
may still believe very logically in a tax on liquors as a restrictive
To me it seems logical to think that it will be easy to get rid of
taxes on the products of labor when the treasury is overflowing with
collected rents, and conversely it looks beyond the bounds of reason
to expect that governmental extravagance will allow the lopping off of
any important tax beforehand.
Now for many years I thought the Single Tax programme was very
beautiful. I wanted a tax - I did not want any other - consequently I
wanted a Single Tax. Beautiful is the word, is it not? Well - after a
Rip Van Winkle sleep I became conscious and was surprised to find that
while I and my comrades had grown old, and that many had passed on,
that there was a dearth of young blood. Where, Oh where is the army of
young Single Taxers which should replace us? For lack of a fitting
reply let us keep silent a moment.
Go to a Socialist meeting and observe the enthusiastic young men
there. Why are they there and not with us? Because in our fiscal
teaching there is nothing to enthuse over, and frankly, for that
reason, the Socialists have a profound contempt for the Single Taxer.
I am sorry to say this contempt in my opinion is merited. Had we
preached common property in land they would have respected us.
Now I do not want to convey the impression that our wrong policy is
maliciously maintained, for it is not, no more than are the
platitudinous teachings of the church by the congregations. There, as
with us, the really religious clothe the platitudinous mouthings of
the ministers with their own deep feeling so that they do not perceive
or suspect the absence of application or force in it. And so we hear
or read a fiscal argument with its well known phrases for the Single
Tax, and knowing that our own intention is the ultimate confiscation
of rent, we fancy it says so in the argument. But to the uninitiated
it is not there at all, and if we read it again with our attention
drawn to it, we too must confess that it is not there. Take the
letterhead of a leading Single Tax club, containing an exposition of
the Single Tax. Now the writer of this letter-head is no doubt a good
Single Taxer, no doubt either that he was honestly using the current
style of argument, but, does he really convey our truth to the
heathen? No; we can see it, but the heathen cannot. Suppose we put the
club letter and a paraphrase of it in parallel columns; perhaps we can
see then why it does not.
The Single Tax will abolish all taxes save one
on the value of land, exempting improvements.
The Single Tax is not a tax on real estate, which includes
improvements. Nor a tax on land, for it would tax only such land
as is valuable, and would tax that in proportion to value. This
would provide all public revenues - municipal, county, state and
The Single Tax would get rid of those taxes which promote
fraud, perjury and corruption. It would enormously increase the
production of wealth by removing the burdens that now weigh upon
industry. A tax on things made by man tends to decrease the
supply and increase the cost.
But the taxation of land values makes land more available,
since it would be unprofitable for owners of valuable land to
hold it idle for speculation.
Taxation of the products of labor and the insufficient taxation
of land values produce an unjust distribution of wealth, which
gives us the hundredfold millionaire on the one side and the
tramp and the pauper on the other.
This condition generates thieves and social parasites of all
kinds, and requires large expenditures of money and energy in
watchmen, policemen, courts, prisons, and other means of defense
The taxes we would abolish fall most heavily on the poor, and
tend to congest population in the great cities. The Single Tax
would destroy that monopoly of land which is crowding the people
too close in some places, and scattering them too far apart in
The Single Tax will abolish all taxes save one on the value of
slaves, exempting their clothing.
The Single Tax is not a tax on plantations, which includes
improvements. Nor a tax on slaves, for it would tax only such
slaves as are valuable and would tax them in proportion to their
value. This would provide all public revenues, etc.
The tax on slaves would get rid of the taxes which promote
fraud, perjury, etc.
But the taxation of slave values make slaves more available,
since it would be unprofitable for owners of valuable slaves to
hold them idle for speculation.
Taxation of the products of labor and the insufficient taxation
of slave values produce an unjust, etc.
The taxes we would abolish fall most heavily on the poor, and
tend to congest population in the great cities. The tax on slave
values would destroy that Monopoly of slaves which is crowding
them and the people too close in some places, and scattering
them too far apart in others.
Now it is very clear that there is no argument in the paraphrase for
the abolition of slavery, and just as clearly is it apparent in
reading the letterhead, as it was written, that there is no argument
in it for the abolition of private property in land; neither does it
advocate the confiscation of rent to the use of the people. The simple
change of slave value for land value exposes the weakness of the
fiscal form of propaganda, but a greater evil grows out of its use,
for in and out of the shifting technical interpretations of fiscal
terms the Single Tax politician can dodge his accusers. Now I am
getting on dangerous ground. For, is it not treason to criticise those
Single Taxers who, by reason of appointment or election, have secured
the prefix of Honorable to their names? Are these men holy because
they are known to us as Single Taxers? Unfortunately, many people
believe it is treason or sacrilege; unfortunately, instead of holding
the belief that just because they are Single Taxers much is expected
of them, the style is to defend their silence as good policy, or to
extol their bravery if they emit some innocuous Single Tax platitudes.
This attitude abets the propaganda of emasculated Single Tax.
For example, in a certain State at the last election a well-known
Single Taxer ran for Congress. As he failed of election he is not an
Honorable, and I may therefore possibly criticise him without being
excommunicated. Mr. R., candidate for United States Senator, was
accused by Senator S. of being in favor of land confiscation. Did Mr.
R. say to Senator S., "No, Senator, I do not think it is
necessary to confiscate land, I hold with Henry George, that it is
only necessary to confiscate rent." Now if he had said this it
would have been the truth and you will notice the distinction would
not have made much difference. However, he did not say this, but like
Peter he denied his Master. He said, "The statement is false and
Senator S. knows it, yet he will continue to use it." Then as a
further argument for the Senator not to press this charge he said, "He
(Senator S.) knows that it is not within the power of Congress to
change our system of taxation. Under the Constitution Congress cannot
levy a land tax and a Senator cannot vote for a land tax." Why
then does Mr. R., a Single Taxer, and others like him, try to go to
Washington? Why not go to his State Legislature? I thank him for
giving me such a fine endorsement of the policy I have been advocating
for the past four years. Now Senator S. is not deceived by this
denial, and it served only to deceive the people, for the Senator
knows that it was a cowardly evasion, and respects him as one
politician respects another. Mr. R. went on to say - "Many of the
largest land owners in the State are my friends and are working for my
election." God save the mark! Did Mr. R. ever test these friends
by telling them that landlords might safely be left the shell if the
people took the kernel of rent? Of course not. He probably expounded
the beauties of free trade and the abolition of taxes which bear on
Let Single Taxers proclaim that they are out to abolish private
property in land and I will assure you that none of them will be
nominated or appointed to office by those parties whose treasuries are
replenished in campaign times by vested interests.
Will the cause suffer if certain individuals can no longer hope to
satisfy their political ambitions by hanging onto the skirts of the
Democratic or Progressive parties? Must we concede that there is no
means for them to gain a livelihood outside of political office? No,
the cause will not suffer; on the contrary, let the issue be boldly
proclaimed, inflexibly maintained, that the land of a State belongs to
the people of the State; that the looting and locking up of this
common estate by monopolists is the cause of unemployment and poverty
to the expropriated, and there will be an awakening among the people
of the State which will quickly restore that "howling dervish"
enthusiasm which permeated the ranks of the early Single Taxers.
Let this condition once be established and I prophesy that these same
men and others like them will start or support State independent
political parties, which under the banner of Land and Liberty will
march on the State capitals; then will they enroll the people on an
issue which appeals to the moral sense of justice of all men.
Why then should we not organize? Is not the issue of common property
in land big enough, broad enough and fundamental enough to warrant the
organization of State parties to attain it? Is it not of more
importance than any or all of the issues now dividing the parties
within State boundaries? Can a real Single Taxer return any other than
an affirmative answer? What then is needed? Simply the coming together
in each State, where there are any Single Taxers left, of a few men
animated by zeal and enough self-sacrifice to work for the formation
of a State organization.
Shall we wait for other nations to lead the way? Impelled by
misdirected patriotism and on mainly inconsequential, if not wholly
fallacious issues, our kindred across the sea are engaged in a titanic
struggle involving the reckless sacrifice of the flower of their
manhood and the destruction of the accumulated wealth of the peoples;
why should not we, the native and adopted sons of America, forming a
composite nation, set them and the whole civilized world the example
of brotherhood by burying all differences of birth and creed and start
a battle through the ballot box for the common heritage with its open
opportunity; the object of which shall be to bring justice, peace and
plenty to all and sorrow to none?
This cause shall prevail, not by hiding its light under a bushel; not
by evasions or diluted teachings, but by the force of the living truth
that is in it. And, while we older men may not live to see the
harvest, we shall fill the present day with honest endeavor and
thereby merit and command the esteem of our comrades, at the same time
setting a worthy example for them who shall follow after this on the
path toward Land and Liberty, with resultant health and happiness for