Henry George and Human Nature
[Reprinted from the Henry George News,
There are a lot of unspoken premises in Henry George's Progress
and Poverty and his other works. What he does not say is just as
important as what he says.
George simply undertook "an inquiry into the cause of industrial
depressions and of increase of want with increase of wealth" with
a view to finding the remedy, and he proceeded straight from problem
He brought to this task, or developed along the way, a whole network
of suppositions about human nature, the social order, and even the
universe -- matters which have absorbed philosophers for millenia.
One very great assumption was that the human mind can fathom
the answers to such problems as George set about examining and that
man can do something about them. How many world philosophies
and religions have reached the opposite conclusion!
George also assumed that, to get the right reforms into operation and
to attain the ideal society, it was not necessary to change human
nature," as some contend, but that it was only necessary for
people, as they are, to understand the right things to do.
The acceptance of people as they are is a quite remarkable
characteristic of George's, and an exquisitely rare quality in a
reformer. George intuitively understood the secret springs of human
nature, and thus could not easily be knocked from his position. His
was no sentimental idealization of man, which turns to disillusion at
the first un-ideal symptom. Nor was it that vitriolic bitterness that
has contaminated so many observers of the social scene. It was instead
a realistic view of man, with a trust in his great potentialities.
George was capable of sorrow and anger, but he never turned his back
on man because of the sordidness he found.
And George does not waste his or the reader's time with futile maps
of the ideal society -- with all individuals and groups in their
proper niches --and the economic machine tuned up and oiled and
planned to work just so. He really does trust freedom to do a
better job than anyone can plan.
George has been criticized for thinking that the only important
things are land and land rent, because they are the only things
involved in his proposal for government action. Of course he knew the
importance of ah the many occupations and objects of wealth that go to
make up economic society! He simply realized that the way of freedom
is the best plan for them.
All these are "between the lines" in George's works. And
these things that he does not say constitute a great